Skip to content

Unlocking investment potential in the Inflation Reduction Act

The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) is a landmark piece of legislation that offers opportunities for advancing sustainability and combating climate change in the US. The IRA provides numerous incentives to support clean energy projects, energy efficiency improvements, and innovative technologies. By taking strategic action to leverage these incentives, investors can play a crucial role in driving the transition to a sustainable future while also achieving significant economic benefits.

The Inflation Reduction Act

Signed into law on August 2022 by President Biden, the IRA represents the largest investment in climate and energy initiatives in US history. It allocates nearly $400 billion to a variety of projects designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, stimulate clean energy development, and foster economic growth through job creation. The Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that the act will cut US greenhouse gas emissions by up to 40 percent below 2005 levels by 2030 and ensure continued progress toward the nation’s 2050 net-zero emissions goal.

Key climate investments and sustainability incentives

The IRA’s most significant contributions lie in its climate-related investments. Here are the key areas and incentives designed to drive sustainability:

Clean energy generation:
  • Renewable energy tax credits: The IRA extends and enhances tax credits for renewable energy projects, including wind, solar, and geothermal energy. These credits are crucial for investors looking to fund new clean energy projects or expand existing ones.
  • Energy storage solutions: Investments in battery storage technologies are incentivized to improve the reliability and efficiency of renewable energy sources​.
Electric vehicles (EVs):
Energy efficiency improvements:
  • Home improvement credits: Homeowners can receive tax credits for making energy-efficient upgrades, such as installing heat pumps, solar panels, and insulation. These measures not only reduce energy consumption but also lower household energy bills​.
  • Commercial building incentives: Businesses can also benefit from credits for improving the energy efficiency of commercial properties, promoting sustainable practices in the corporate sector​.
Industrial and agricultural investments:
  • Clean manufacturing: The IRA supports the transition to cleaner manufacturing processes, including the development of technologies such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) and clean hydrogen production.
  • Sustainable agriculture: Significant funding is allocated to support sustainable farming practices and renewable energy projects in rural communities, enhancing the environmental impact of the agricultural sector​.

Key opportunities for investors

For sustainability-focused investors, the IRA offers a multitude of incentives and opportunities to support and benefit from the transition to a greener economy. Key opportunities for investors include:

  • Capitalizing on tax credits: By investing in renewable energy projects and energy-efficient technologies, investors can take advantage of substantial tax credits, enhancing the return on investment while contributing to environmental sustainability​.
  • Supporting emerging technologies: Investing in new technologies like CCS and clean hydrogen can position investors at the forefront of the clean energy revolution, with the potential for significant long-term gains​​.
  • Engaging in public-private partnerships: The IRA encourages collaborations between private investors and public entities, opening up avenues for joint ventures that leverage public funding and private expertise to drive large-scale sustainability projects​​.

IRA’s global implications

Internationally, the IRA has been met with a mix of optimism and caution. On one hand, it is seen as a significant step by the U.S. in the global fight against climate change, potentially setting a benchmark for other countries to follow. The global clean energy market stands to benefit from increased demand for renewable technologies and innovations originating from the US.

However, there are concerns about potential trade impacts and the competitive advantage the IRA may provide to US-based companies and suppliers. Some countries worry that the act’s incentives might lead to a shift in investment away from their own markets. Additionally, there is a call for similar legislative measures in other nations to ensure a level playing field and to promote global cooperation in addressing climate change​.

Stay up to date with the latest ESG-trends with our newsletter

More insights

Emission factors explained in 3 minutes

Articles  |  

Emission factors explained in 3 minutes

Collaborate, innovate and elevate to further your sustainability objectives

Articles  |  

Collaborate, innovate and elevate to further your sustainability objectives

Understanding the SEC’s climate rule

Articles  |  

Understanding the SEC’s climate rule